Likes are vanishing soon, even though influencers drive economics.
This past May, Instagram began testing the removal of likes in several countries. Once the feature is fully implemented in the U.S., the likes will be accessible only to the original poster. And, Facebook has confirmed they will also follow the trend as soon as next summer, and will begin testing hidden likes in the near future.
Adam Mosseri, the Head of Instagram, tweeted that "our hope is to better understand how this idea changes how people feel about using our platform, particularly young people." The company sites a concern for users' self-esteem, mental health issues, and bullying problems which stem from quantifying and comparing pictures people post of themselves and their lives.
While this change
might yield a positive effect on the mental health of Instagram users, it will also
will impact influencers and influencer marketing - how brands, agencies and
influencers work together and earn income.
As marketers, Instagram
and Facebook communities still matter for connecting with your business and
brand fans, prospects and customers!
However if you're interested
in reaching specific influencers and paying them to promote your business, then
that will evolve over time. We're all watching this carefully at Instagram,
which draws roughly two thirds of all U.S. paid influencers.
Here's what we already
known and attract brand sponsors based primarily on their followers and likes.
Today, Instagram influencers are discovered after they actively publish images and short-form videos, build a following over time, and some piece of content they've created goes viral and is widely circulated on their platform.
Eventually, once they
are deemed popular - based on their number of followers, their view counts, and
the LIKES their content gets - influencers can be compensated by brands who
want to work with them in exchange for promotion.
system has led to a generation of both high-earning influencer marketers, as
well as a bustling community of micro-influencers who can do well with specific
segments or specialized audiences.
However, a core pillar
of this system will soon change, when Facebook and Instagram officially remove one
of their key metrics that users and brands/businesses pay attention to: likes.
All of a sudden, external agencies
or brands trying to identify influencers on these platforms lose direct access
to a key metric for measuring the creator's audience's engagement levels and
approval of content. Will Facebook and Instagram try to fill this gap?
The evolution of Influencer marketing.
Groups and Blogs: Online influencers have been around for some time, starting in the nascent days of blogging and even earlier days of community destinations or group chats! Freely accessed channels often needed some way to support themselves, with sponsors or advertisers. Meanwhile forward-thinking brands reached out to individual bloggers with free product or financial support, all before the predominance of Google ads.
YouTube: Influencer marketing took hold with the growth
of Google's YouTube, the ubiquitous platform which first openly rewarded video
contributors with large followings based on traffic.
Today they offer special
programs for very active vloggers and filmmakers - including sharing part of
the ad revenues made from their videos and sending top creators coveted "Play
Button" awards made of precious materials and gems - effectively paying popular
creators for their videos.
There are still independent opportunities for influencers on YouTube to make their own advertising deals on top of this, making money from promotions, product placements, or product review videos. However, the glory days of micro-influencers easily earning a living from this channel have faded.
Vine: In 2013, Vine swept the nation with millions
streaming its popular seven-second videos, leading to its own explosion of
platform-specific influencers who mastered the art of communicating (and
sharing products) within the confines of a fraction of a minute.
Though Instagram was
released earlier, the Vine platform first solidified the image of self-made
influencers: typically younger contributors who could become very popular and
make a significant income from lifestyle and sketch content which could be
unpolished, raw, and sometimes just goofy.
While business brands pursued top Viners, and paid them substantial ad campaign feeds, the social channel wasn't directly supportive and the app faded in popularity and was closed by parent Twitter. Over time, we have seen the barriers for entry lowered: while less than ten years ago it was hard to imagine a brand paying pennies (much less hundreds of thousands of dollars) to any amateur to post home videos on their behalf, the rise of video-game streamers, lifestyle vloggers, and those kids posting visual gobbledygook on TikTok have lowered the bar for anyone with a camera phone, internet connection, and a creative streak to make it big.
If there's one thing
influencers on all these platforms have in common, it's that the platforms they
use made basic parameters, like followers, views, and likes, visible and easily
How Facebook is
From the beginning,
Facebook and its subsidiary Instagram, have kept their platform metrics hidden.
They only show followers and likes, and make other basic parameters (such as
views or clicks) only accessible via complex reports or through third-party
tools using their (tightly controlled) API.
When Facebook replaced their namesake platform's likes with a set of six "reactions," the response was mainly positive, even though from a marketer's perspective, reactions like "Wow" and "Haha" are harder to interpret and glean useful insights from.
Now with Likes getting
hidden, Facebook and Instagram effectively seal off their only visible measure
What's the Instagram fallout?
We see the current
influencer marketing system losing its strength. If you want to identify and partner with a
relevant and effective influencer, you have to either trust the word of said
influencer regarding how much engagement their content actually has, or you
have to somehow get that information from Facebook Inc.
When likes vanish,
there's no method to get this popularity insights directly from the
It isn't hard to
imagine that some advertiser-centric and profit-driven company would offer a
response - albeit a pay-to-play one - to finally sink their claws into a
portion of the billions of the influencer marketing dollars they have watched
change hands on their platform over the years with no way to get at it.
Would you really be
surprised that caring for users' mental health is applauded only on the
surface, yet established to make a money from everyone that has found fame on
their platform, for the privilege of using it?
Influencers might have
to shift tactics to save money.
Today, there are quite
a few known influencers out there, each with their own strengths and target
segments. But, as some of these influencers drop off the radar or become too
expensive for anyone but the wealthiest businesses, the ecosystem's stability
is dependent on an influx of rising stars to fill out the ranks.
We face these question
of how these stars can rise, if Facebook Inc. has just taken steps to make
their discovery and ascent much tougher.
- What happens to up-and-coming influencers who can't easily leverage their posts' likes?
- How do they prove
their potential and credibility when the measures of their achievements are
- How likely is it that
people will become less motivated to try and become influencers, with
the lack of instant gratification that comes with high like counts, and the new
hoops they likely will have to jump through before making returns on the
materials they create?
- And, what happens to
brands that can't afford the top creators, or want to uncover new talent, or
only need a micro-influencer with success in a narrow space?
marketing moving forwards or backwards?
always be there, talking and sharing online; though the organic mechanism for
rising popularity will be hamstrung by the removal of likes.
Good business move or
not? It's possible that Facebook
and Instagram could be doing themselves a favor, acting as intermediary between
brands and influencers is another way to grow ecosystem revenues.
It's hard to predict
the future, but at what point does micro-influencer marketing simply devolve
into targets based on their interests, or dare we say…another advertising or
social media channel?